For drivers involved in an accident on the highway, specific rules of conduct apply. The highest priority is always your own safety. Afterwards, the accident site must be secured and injured persons must be helped.
If a traffic jam forms as a result of a freeway accident, an emergency lane must be formed. This is the only way for the emergency doctor and the police to reach the scene of the accident.
How to reduce the risk of a rear-end collision you will learn here.
Contents of this guide
Video: correct behavior in the event of an accident
Highway accidents – a special risk
As a rule, people drive fast on the autobahn. This is what makes a freeway accident so dangerous.
every learner driver who drives on the freeway for the first time has a queasy feeling in his stomach. Everything is a lot faster and more dangerous. Speeds must be estimated and the rear-end traffic must always be kept in mind. With routine, the autobahn becomes a normal stretch of road. It saves time and is often the most convenient way from A to B.
In fact, german autobahns comparatively safe. Although, according to the ADAC, almost one-third of road traffic is carried out on freeways, accidents do occur relatively rare to have an accident. this is mainly due to the homogeneity of road users. Pedestrians, bicycles, tractors or mopeds – they have no place on the highway. There is a minimum speed limit. The potential for conflict is reduced. Also the strict separation from oncoming traffic contributes to safety on the highway.
And yet: accidents on the highway are especially dangerous. High speeds are to blame. In addition, the fast-moving traffic behind poses an additional risk to the driver consequential accidents dar. A fatal accident on the highway is therefore not uncommon. Sometimes there is also pileups after an accident on the freeway.
Accidents on freeways are partly the other rules of conduct than on country roads or within built-up areas, because certain factors increase the potential danger considerably. This means that on the freeway, accidents are not just an exceptional situation, but often life-threatening.
Rules of conduct: car accident on the freeway
If you notice an accident on the highway, be sure to reduce your speed and turn on your hazard warning lights.
If you are involved in an accident on the highway, the first thing you should do is keep calm, so that you can react prudently in the following traffic. Accidents on the freeway are not always necessarily recognizable as such for the following traffic. Especially if the accident site has not yet been secured. not every motorist slows down directly, so that traffic often still with high speed speeding by. Anyone who has been involved in an accident on the freeway should Get to safety first and the Secure the accident site.
Accident on the highway: what should you do??
- warning lights turn on and warning vest overdraw.
- Observe the following traffic and quickly leave the car in the direction of the next crash barrier leave the scene when the time is right. If possible, stay behind the crash barrier.
- Warning triangle position within 400 meters of the accident site. On curves and hilltops, if necessary. Choose a greater distance.
- make an emergency call, if people have been injured. In the event of an accident on the highway, however, it is always a good idea to alert the police if the vehicle involved in the accident continues to block the roadway. Officers can warn following traffic by means of warning signs point out the danger, so that secondary accidents can be prevented.
- You can easily determine the location. On freeways, at intervals of 500 meters, there are blue alu signs attached, on which the relevant information is written.
- if necessary first aid provide assistance to injured persons.
- data and insurance information exchange. accident with european accident report document. If possible, take photos.
Form emergency lane
emergency lanes are from two lanes formed. If you are in the right lane, pull over to the right and if you are on the left, pull over to the left. If there are more than two lanes in germany, the emergency lane between the last and next to last left lane formed.
In § 11 abs. 2 stvo states:
"if there is traffic congestion on freeways and extra-urban roads with at least two lanes for one direction, vehicles must form a clear lane for the passage of police and emergency vehicles in the middle of the directional carriageway, or between the left-hand and middle lanes on carriageways with three lanes for one direction."
If you do not follow this rule, you risk being since the 19. october 2017 a fine of at least 200 euro. in case of obstruction, endangerment or damage to property, in addition to an even higher fine, there will also be two points in flensburg and a one-month driving ban.
Rules of conduct: truck accident and bus accident on the highway
The rules of conduct in the event of an accident on the highway with a bus or truck are basically the same as with a car. However, if a truck involved in an accident is carrying hazardous materials, you should keep your distance, even if there have been injuries. Only specially trained emergency personnel are allowed to approach a hazardous materials accident. Depending on wind direction and strength, use safety distance of 60 meters comply with. The emergency services are authorized to give instructions.
Accident on the freeway: avoid secondary accidents
In the event of an accident on the highway, there is a high risk of secondary accidents and pile-ups.
If you are not involved in the accident yourself, you should still follow a few basic rules to avoid secondary accidents. Anyone who has an accident ahead of them or notices that traffic is backing up in front of them should document their reduce speed and the turn on the warning lights, to warn the following drivers.
Drive calmly and with foresight, because stop-and-go increases the risk of a rear-end collision. When at a standstill, then rescue lane to allow emergency services to pass through so that secondary accidents can be. Stay in the vehicle at all costs. If you are stationary for a longer period of time, switch off the engine. use this zipper procedure, to get past the accident site.
How can you avoid another accident on the highway??