Honestly: when was the last time you concentrated on the right movements when brushing your teeth?? Or have to build a mnemonic bridge when tying shoes? Both procedures have been internalized by our brain and are automatically recalled whenever necessary. They are routines. Together with countless other routines, they enable us to function at all in this complex world. Without routines the brain would be threatened with permanent overload.
Routine is also very important when driving a car. On the way to a driver’s license, mere repetition eventually turns into practice, practice into routine. If you’re in the car every day, you drive your vehicle almost completely as a matter of routine – with the exception of one-off weather conditions and traffic situations. No wonder there’s an almost irrefutable mantra among car drivers: the more miles we drive, the greater our driving routine. the greater our routine, the lower our risk of accidents. A logical equation, one might think, supported by the statistics: the age group of 18 to 24-year-olds is at the top of the list of those causing accidents. in 2017, there were 128 seriously or fatally injured drivers in this age group, making it statistically significantly overrepresented. It is true that a large proportion of accidents are due to overconfidence and carelessness. But lack of routine due to lack of driving experience – especially in minor accidents – contributes significantly to the risk of accidents.
the equation more kilometers = more routine in driving suggests that every plus in driving experience is accompanied by a gain in safety. Basically true. But how absolute can this correlation be? How can it then come to self-inflicted accidents of experienced drivers?? Is it even possible that routine itself carries a certain risk of accident?? Time for a closer look.
What is "routine"??
According to wikipedia, routine can be described as an action that becomes habitual through repeated repetition and is performed as if automatically according to the same reaction pattern. The brain stores sequences, recognizes the same patterns and reproduces them in the same way. This automatism takes effect in certain situations without us really being aware of it. You know. As soon as they get to the stairs, they ask themselves whether they have really locked the front door. Adapted to driving, countless examples can be found. Whether it’s shifting gears, checking when changing lanes, maintaining a safe distance, or setting a speed limit – every action that is part of standard behavior has the potential to sooner or later become a routine in driving a car.
Why do we need routines?
"thinking is effortful!" said the philosopher and biologist professor gerhard roth of the university of bremen in a recent interview. "routines help the brain to save energy and minimize risks." in traffic, this is a decisive advantage. In this way, attention can be focused on important things such as the traffic situation, while the technical aspects of driving are handled routinely.
Why and when can routine be dangerous when driving??
Routine helps to get from A to B without accidents when driving. But there are some stumbling blocks:
- Routine and risk
those who travel on unfamiliar roads automatically act more cautiously. It’s different on the daily commute to work: because the route is familiar, it’s easy to succumb to the illusion that nothing can surprise you. This tempts people to misbehave. For example, if you glance at your smartphone from time to time while driving, you are more likely to do this on familiar routes than on a winding pass. Speeding is also more likely to be committed on familiar roads. It’s no wonder that researchers say the risk of accidents is particularly high near one’s own front door.
- Routine and distraction
routine becomes habit sooner or later. And where there is habit, boredom is often not far away. Even driving a car can be boring – just think of the slow progress in city traffic or the monotony of a highway. But those who are bored are tempted to become distracted. Whether it’s making a phone call, thinking about the upcoming vacations, taking in food, or gazing at the springtime scenery. Unfortunately, people’s attention cannot be multiplied at will, as research by professor nilli lavie at university college london shows . In other words, if the action of driving competes with a new impulse, we automatically pay less attention to it. And thus endanger ourselves and others.
- Routine and concentration
in routine situations, body and mind switch to economy mode. Why give full performance when seemingly standard situations can be mastered with less concentration?? The problem: traffic is only supposed to consist of standard situations. It is too dynamic for that. The unexpected can happen at any time and in any place. So if you are driving unconsciously and only half-concentrated, you are more likely to be involved in an accident.
- Wrong routines
whether learned incorrectly or developed incorrectly over the years: routine behavior is not always exemplary. There are routine tailgaters, routine drivers, routine accelerators and routine non-drivers. It is obvious that such routines can contribute to accidents while driving.
How to avoid the routine trap?
To avoid falling into the routine trap, we need to be vigilant. We must learn to be aware of our habits, to be fully present in the here and now. For example, on the way to work: take a look at how the traffic situations on the same stretches of road differ from one another every day. How other road users react in new and perhaps surprising ways every time. The truth is that no two rides are the same. Also be aware that any distracting activity (including hands-free phone use) tends to have a negative impact on our ability to react appropriately in unexpected situations.
In road traffic, routine is both a blessing and a curse. We can’t do without them, but we shouldn’t blindly rely on them either. The best way to avoid the routine trap is to see it for what it is. A useful support, thanks to which we can pay maximum attention to what is happening on the road.